Creator

William Pelham

Date Original

1843

Description

Printed color map of Arkansas's surveying district showing the extent of public surveys on September 30, 1843. The surveyed exteriors are indicated by black lines and subidivided townships are indicated by the letter S.

Biographical/Historical Note

Arkansas became part of the United States when it was included in the Louisiana Purchase in 1803. It became a territory in 1819 and achieved statehood in 1836.

William Pelham had moved to Arkansas Territory with his older brother in 1820. By 1821, Charles was Deputy Surveyor for the U.S. General Land Office, and employed his younger brother as a chain carrier in 1826. While William gained extensive experience in the surveying field, his career was greatly furthered by nepotism and political favoritism. It was mostly the latter which in June 1830 caused President Andrew Jackson: "Reposing special Trust and Confidence in the Ability and Skill of WILLIAM PELHAM of Arkansas" (sic), to appoint him to survey the boundary between Arkansas Territory and Louisiana. His action came on the heels of an appointment of James Conway as Boundary Commissioner.

William Pelham would marry James Conway's younger sister, Mary Ann Conway, in 1831, and James Conway would become Arkansas's first state governor in 1836. Later in his life, William Pelham would hold office as the first Surveyor General of New Mexico, from 1854 until 1860.

Physical Description

Map, 16" x 18"

Contributor

Surveyor's Office in Little Rock, Arkansas

Geographical Area

Arkansas

Language

English

Identifier

Map1868

Resource Type

Image

Collection

Map collection

Publisher

Arkansas State Archives

Contributing Entity

Arkansas State Archives

Recommended Citation

Map of Arkansas Surveying District, Map1868, Map collection, Arkansas State Archives, Little Rock, Arkansas.

Rights

Use and reproduction of images held by the Arkansas State Archives without prior written permission is prohibited. For information on reproducing images held by the Arkansas State Archives, please call 501-682-6901 or email at state.archives@arkansas.gov.

Disciplines

United States History

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Additional Content

Maps collection inventory.

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