Date Original



This collection contains sixteen pieces of correspondence and materials related to Captain William Crawford of the 1st Regiment Arkansas Volunteers from 1861-1866.

Biographical/Historical Note

William Ayers Crawford (1825-1874), born June 24, 1825 in Washington County, Tennessee, was the youngest of eleven children of William Ayers and Martha Blakely. Crawford moved to Saline County, Arkansas where he enlisted during the United States Mexican War in Captain English's Company I of Hot Springs and Saline County volunteers. Crawford married Sarah Helen Henslee on October 5, 1848 and they would eventually have eight children. From 1852 to 1858, he served Saline Count Sheriff and from 1858-1859 as then as State Representative. He also ran a ferry over the Saline River. During the Civil War, he enlisted as a lieutenant in the 1st Arkansas Infantry Volunteers, Confederate States Army, and was elected Colonel of the regiment when James Fagan was promoted. Crawford was made a brigadier general by Governor Elisha Baxter, and organized the Arkansas State Militia in 1873. In April and May 1874, Crawford was involved in the Brooks-Baxter War. While outside the Anthony House during a skirmish, Crawford suffered a head injury and went back to Saline County to recuperate. Crawford died June 22, 1874 from tuberculosis.

Physical Description

Document, 8.5" x 11"

Geographical Area

Benton, Saline County (Ark.); Monticello, Drew County (Ark.); El Dorado, Union County (Ark.); Carroll County (Ark.); Hempstead County (Ark.);





Resource Type



William A. Crawford Civil War letters, SMC.085.012


Arkansas State Archives

Contributing Entity

Arkansas State Archives

Recommended Citation

William A. Crawford Civil War letters, Arkansas State Archives, Little Rock, Arkansas.


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United States History