Orval E. Faubus' papers contain correspondence, appointments, press releases, inauguration materials, speeches, and campaign materials covering the early years of Faubus' governorship.
Orval Eugene Faubus was born on January 7, 1910, to John Samuel "Sam" and Addie Joslin Faubus, on the family farm at Greasy Creek, Madison County, Arkansas. Faubus was educated in rural Madison County. Orval's father urged him to attend college and Faubus attended Commonwealth College in 1935 but did not graduate. In 1931, Faubus married Alta Haskins. After his service in World War II, Faubus returned to Madison County, Arkansas, as Postmaster at Huntsville and became owner of the local paper, the Madison County Record. In 1948, Governor Sid McMath appointed Faubus to the State Highway Commission, and then later as an administrative assistant to the governor’s office. Faubus launched his political career in 1954, when he challenged Governor Francis Cherry in the Democrat Primary. He defeated Cherry and in November won a landslide victory over Republican Pratt Remmel in the general election. Faubus would go on to serve six consecutive terms as Governor of Arkansas, giving him the distinction of holding the office longer than any other governor. Faubus' political career, however, was defined by his role in the Little Rock Central High School Crisis. Faubus chose not to run again for governor in 1966, clearing the way for Winthrop Rockefeller to become the first Republican governor of Arkansas since Reconstruction. In 1969, Orval and Alta Faubus divorced, and he later married Elizabeth Westmoreland. After her death in 1983, Faubus married Jan Hines Wittenberg in 1986. Faubus would run again for Governor in 1970, 1974 and 1986, but was unable to regain the popularity he had in the 1950s and 1960s. Orval Eugene Faubus died December 14, 1994, and is buried in Combs Cemetery near Greasy Creek in Madison County.
Document, 8.5" x 11"
Orval E. Faubus papers, MS.000408
Arkansas State Archives
Arkansas State Archives
Orval E. Faubus papers, Arkansas State Archives, Little Rock, Arkansas.
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United States History