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Date Original

1927 October 17-1928 February 22


Ledger labeled "Cotton season 1927" with column headings: date, [description], Cotton, Seed, Cotton, Seed, Gin, "Dr Tenants," Plantation Share, Tenant Share, "F", Weight Cotton, and Wight Seed. Farms mentioned: Clay Place, Lake Place, "Langdon," "Massey," and "So. Bend."

Biographical/Historical Note

In 1909, internationally known agricultural expert and future Illinois Governor Frank Orren Lowden purchased a plantation of 21,000 acres at South Bend in Lincoln County, Arkansas, 7 miles northeast of Gould. This enterprise, actually a number of separate "farms", stretched for more than 20 miles along the Arkansas River in Lincoln and Desha counties. Lowden considered Arkansas agricultural lands to be among the most fertile in the world. His main farm at South Bend included a large Greek revival plantation house of 20 rooms, built before 1857. Although Lowden made yearly visits to Arkansas, he employed a number of different men to oversee plantation operations in his absence. Among them was Phillip Boggs of Gould who was financial agent and bookkeeper at South Bend from 1921 to 1936.

The plantation, which grew cotton exclusively, was divided into a number of separate farms: Clay Place, Lake Place, Langdon, Massey, as well as South Bend. These locations were developed into "model farms with Delco electric lights and deep well water system."

Physical Description

Ledger, 17.25" x 14"


Plantations; Cotton; Arkansas Delta (Ark.); Floods--Arkansas--1920-1930.; Account books

Geographical Area

Lincoln County (Ark.)




MS.000248, Ledger 11 (Box 5, Item 2)

Resource Type



Lowden Plantation records, MS.000248

Contributing Entity

Arkansas State Archives

Recommended Citation

Lowden Plantation ledger, 1927 October 17-1928 February 22, Lowden Plantation records, Arkansas State Archives, Little Rock, Arkansas.


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Lowden Plantation ledger, 1927 October 17-1928 February 22