Date Original



This collection contains one legal brief presenting the legal argument that the Osage Coal and Mining Company is not at fault for the in effectiveness of its employees.

Biographical/Historical Note

The Osage Coal and Mining Company was established in 1872 after the Missouri, Kansas, and Texas Railroad reached the locality of McAlester, Oklahoma. It was the first commercial mining company in Indian Territory (Oklahoma) in both the Choctaw and Chickasaw Nations. Coleman Cole, Principal l Chief of the Choctaw Nation, tried to stop the Osage Coal company from mining on native land without success. Coal mining in Indian Territory was exempt from U.S. Federal Government laws and regulations making mines in Indian Territory some of the most dangerous in the United States. On January 7, 1892the Osage Coal and Mining Company, mine number eleven, in Krebs, Oklahoma set off an explosion that killed a hundred men and injured roughly two hundred more. This disaster is considered one of the worst mining tragedies in the United States during the 19th century.

Physical Description

Document, 8.5" x 11"

Geographical Area

Arkansas; Kansas; Missouri; Oklahoma; Texas





Resource Type



Osage Coal and Mining Company briefs, SMC.013.006


Arkansas State Archives

Contributing Entity

Arkansas State Archives

Recommended Citation

Osage Coal and Mining Company briefs, Arkansas State Archives, Little Rock, Arkansas.


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United States History