Date Original



This collection contains correspondence between August H. Garland and John Shoppach asking for support in Garland's run for Congress, correspondence between Garland and Mrs. B.B. Sterling regarding an invitation, correspondence between Garland and Francis C. Gaines regarding the introduction of a bill into the senate, and an invitation for a banquet held in Garland's honor in 1883.

Biographical/Historical Note

Augustus Hill Garland was born June 11, 1832, in Covington, Tennessee, to Rufus and Barbara Hill Garland. When he was an infant, his family moved to Miller County, Arkansas. He attended St. Mary's College in Lebanon, Kentucky, and in 1849, graduated from St. Joseph's College in Bardstown, Kentucky. He studied law under Simon Sanders, and in 1853, he formed a law practice with his stepfather Thomas Hubbard in Washington, Arkansas. He married Sarah Virginia Sanders on June 14, 1853; they had nine children, four of which survived to adulthood. In 1856, he moved to Little Rock and practiced law with Ebenezer Cummins. In 1861, he was elected as a representative of Pulaski County to attend the Secession Convention. During the Civil War, he was a member of the Confederate Congress in Richmond, Virginia. After the war, Garland was governor of Arkansas, 1874-1877. He represented Arkansas as United States Senator from 1877-1885. He resigned from that position to become United States Attorney General under President Grover Cleveland. He served in that capacity until Cleveland's term ended in 1888, after which he returned to Little Rock. On January26, 1899, he suffered a stroke during a trial. He died hours later and was buried at Mount Holly Cemetery, Little Rock, Arkansas.

Physical Description

Document, 8.5" x 11"

Geographical Area

Arkansas; Kentucky; Tennessee; Virginia





Resource Type



Augustus H. Garland papers, SMC.008.007


Arkansas State Archives

Contributing Entity

Arkansas State Archives

Recommended Citation

Augustus H. Garland papers, Arkansas State Archives, Little Rock, Arkansas.


Use and reproduction of images held by the Arkansas State Archives without prior written permission is prohibited. For information on reproducing images held by the Arkansas State Archives, please call 501-682-6900 or email at


United States History