Date Original



This collection contains correspondence, legal and financial documents, building plans, and maps pertaining to G.A.A. Deane's career.

Biographical/Historical Note

Gardiner Andrus Armstrong Deane was born on June 23, 1840, in Norfolk County, Massachusetts. He served in the Civil War, rising to the rank of lieutenant-colonel and inspector-general of the department stationed at Little Rock. At the conclusion of the war, he went into the mercantile business until 1867, when he became chief clerk of the land department of the Union Pacific Railroad (Central Branch). Deane acted in this capacity for several years, until he was promoted to assistant land commissioner, and later transferred to the operating department as assistant superintendent. In 1885, he became superintendent of construction of the Salina, Lincoln and Western Railroad branch of the Union Pacific. He remained there until 1891, when he accepted the position of land commissioner of the St. Louis, Iron Mountain and Southern, and the Little Rock and Fort Smith railroads, with headquarters in Little Rock. As land commissioner, Deane managed one of the largest areas of land under the control of an individual. He also raised trotting-bred horses, founding a stock farm in Frankfort, Kansas, in 1878. Deane married Eliza J. Seymour of Milwaukee, Wisconsin, in 1866. They had four children. Gardiner and Eliza died within a week of each other, in August of 1919. They are buried in Oakland Cemetery, Little Rock.

Physical Description

Document, 8.5" x 11"

Geographical Area

Arkansas; New York; Michigan; New Jersey; Pennsylvania; Maryland; Virginia; Georgia; North Carolina; Mississippi; Tennessee; Washington; Idaho; California; Louisiana





Resource Type



G.A.A. Deane papers, MS.000044


Arkansas State Archives

Contributing Entity

Arkansas State Archives

Recommended Citation

G.A.A. Deane papers, Arkansas State Archives, Little Rock, Arkansas.


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United States History