Date Original



This collection contains the records of Arkansas's 50 soil conservation districts. While the records vary for each of the districts, minimally they include general correspondence, petitions for creation of districts, notices of hearing and determination of need for organization of district.

Biographical/Historical Note

On April 27, 1935, the Soil Conservation Service (which became the Natural Resources Conservation Service), was created. The federal legislation declared that soil erosion was a menace to the national welfare and authorized broad powers to the new agency to attack the problem. On February 27, 1937, President Franklin D. Roosevelt transmitted a law regarding standard state soil conservation districts to state governors. He recommended each state pass the law. Arkansas passed the first such law on March 3, 1937. By the end of 1939 3,000 districts encompassing 88 million acres nationwide, along with state associations and the National Association of Conservation Districts, united to support conservation by purchasing needed equipment and supplies. They also influenced legislation and regulation at the state level. Arkansas's first soil conservation district, Mine Creek in Howard County, was created in 1937. J.W. Sargent was state coordinator, a position under the authority of the United States Department of Agriculture, Soil Conservation Service, located in Little Rock, Arkansas. A total of 50 soil conservation districts were formed in Arkansas.

Physical Description

Document, 8.5" x 11"

Geographical Area






Resource Type



Arkansas soil conservation districts records, MS.000481


Arkansas State Archives

Contributing Entity

Arkansas State Archives

Recommended Citation

Arkansas soil conservation districts records, Arkansas State Archives, Little Rock, Arkansas.


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United States History