Date Original

1864 July-August


This collection contains a fragment of a muster roll for Company C of the First Arkansas Infantry.

Biographical/Historical Note

The First Arkansas Infantry Volunteers (US) was recruited and organized in Fayetteville (Washington County) by Dr. James M. Johnson of Huntsville (Madison County) following the Battle of Prairie Grove. Johnson and his brother were associates of noted loyalist Isaac Murphy, who later became governor of Arkansas. The unit consisted of unionists from Washington County and other northwestern Arkansas counties including Madison, Newton, Benton, Searcy, and Crawford. Initially, the regiment was attached to the Army of the Frontier under Brigadier General John Schofield and was then moved to Springfield, Missouri, later in April, remaining there until July. The First Arkansas Infantry was involved in actions with the Army of the Frontier in the Cherokee Nation before pursuing William Cabell’s forces to Perryville (Perry County) and then moving to Fort Smith (Sebastian County) on September 1, 1863. The unit recruited additional soldiers from the Fort Smith area, some of them deserters from Confederate forces. They headquartered in Waldron (Scott County) and scouted the area during the winter and early spring. The First Arkansas Infantry was mustered out on August 10, 1865.

Physical Description

Document, 8.5" x 11"

Geographical Area






Resource Type



First Arkansas Infantry, Company C, muster roll, SMC.068.028


Arkansas State Archives

Contributing Entity

Arkansas State Archives

Recommended Citation

First Arkansas Infantry, Company C, muster roll, Arkansas State Archives, Little Rock, Arkansas.


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United States History