Date Original



This collection contains a poem written by Patrick Cleburne.

Biographical/Historical Note

Patrick Ronayne Cleburne was born in Ovens, County Cork, Ireland, on March 16, 1828, to JosephCleburne and Mary Anne Ronayne Cleburne. After Patrick's mother died when he was eighteen monthsold, his father married Isabella Stewart. His father, a doctor, contracted typhus from a patient and died in1843, leaving Patrick and his siblings to be raised by his stepmother. He apprenticed to become a doctorfor two years but failed the entrance exam, at which time he joined the Forty-first Regiment of Footin the British Army. After serving several years, he returned home to find the family farm in debt. Hisstepmother suggested that he and the three eldest children emigrate to America.Patrick and his siblings arrived in New Orleans, Louisiana, on December 25, 1849. After moving toArkansas in 1850 Patrick found work as a druggist at Nash and Grant's Drugstore in Helena, then passedthe Arkansas bar exam in 1856.The "Yell Rifles" militia was organized by local plantation owners, and Cleburne was elected as captain.On February 5, 1861, the "Yell Rifles" were ordered to seize the Little Rock Arsenal. They became partof the First Arkansas Voluntary Infantry Regiment and elected Cleburne as colonel. He was promoted tobrigadier general in March 1862 and to major general on December 14, 1862.He fought in several key battles, and received a Congressional Citation from the Confederacy for standingwith his 4,000 men against General Joseph Hooker's 15,000 troops at Ringgold Gap, Georgia, in 1863. Hewas killed in the Battle of Franklin, Tennessee, on November 30, 1864.

Physical Description

Document, 8.5" x 11"

Geographical Area

Arkansas; Louisiana, Georgia, Tennessee; Ireland





Resource Type



Patrick Cleburne poem, SMC.005.006


Arkansas State Archives

Contributing Entity

Arkansas State Archives

Recommended Citation

Patrick Cleburne poem, Arkansas State Archives, Little Rock, Arkansas.


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United States History