Date Original



This collection contains a final grant report for the John and Mary McCloud Photographic Exhibit, from P.H.O.E.B.E. (People Helping Others Excel by Example), which was funded through the Curtis H. Sykes Memorial Grant Program. It includes photographs and programs from the exhibit, and a DVD and research on John Webb and Mary McCloud.

Biographical/Historical Note

John L. Webb (September 17, 1877-August 30, 1946) was born in Talladega, Alabama, the son of Reverend Bazil and Henrietta Lockwood Webb. He was the Supreme Custodian of the Supreme Lodge of the Woodmen of the Union, an African American fraternal organization established in Mississippi around 1903. It was later headquartered in Hot Springs, Arkansas. The Woodmen of the Union building housed a hotel, hospital, bathhouse, bank, and a printing company, while offering insurance and hospitalization to its members. John L. Webb was a graduate of Tuskegee Institute in Alabama, and was a builder and contractor by trade. He married Carrie Eleane Branson of Marianna, Arkansas, in 1905, and the couple had one daughter, Emma Elease Webb (1906-1943) who was born in Yazoo, Mississippi. The family moved to Hot Springs by 1918. Webb, who was active in many social and civic organizations, was a prominent and influential figure in Arkansas and around the country. An autobiography of his life, “Triumph of the Simple Virtues or The Life Story of John L. Webb” by Sutton E. Griggs, was published in 1926. In 1945, and after the death of their only child, Emma, John and Carrie Webb donated a building to Hot Springs’s African American community in her memory. The Emma Elease Webb Community Center is still in existence today. The Woodmen of the Union building was sold in 1948 to the National Baptist U.S.A., and was renamed the National Baptist Building. The structure, located on Malvern Avenue in Hot Springs, stands deserted today. It was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1997. John L. Webb died on August 30, 1946, in Hot Springs, where he is buried.

Physical Description

Document, 8.5" x 11"

Geographical Area

Hot Springs, Garland County (Ark.)





Resource Type



John and Mary McCloud Webb Photographic Exhibit final grant report, BHC.003.005


Arkansas State Archives

Contributing Entity

Arkansas State Archives

Recommended Citation

John and Mary McCloud Webb Photographic Exhibit final grant report, Arkansas State Archives, Little Rock, Arkansas.


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United States History