Date Original



This collection contains personal and political materials of Arkansas Governor Charles Hillman Brough.

Biographical/Historical Note

Charles Hillman Brough was born on July 9, 1876, in Clinton, Mississippi. He graduated from Mississippi College as co-valedictorian in 1894. Brough then entered the graduate program at Johns Hopkins University, where he earned his doctorate in economics, history, and jurisprudence in 1898. He began his teaching career as the only professor of multiple subjects at Mississippi College. He taught psychology, ethics, and logic, as well as economics and history. In 1903, Brough accepted a position as the head of the department for political economy at the University of Arkansas.

Charles met his wife, Anne Wade Roark, when she visited Fayetteville, Arkansas. Anne Roark was from Franklin, Kentucky, and graduated from Franklin Female College in 1896. Charles and Anne where married on June 17, 1908, in Franklin, Kentucky, with Anne’s family in attendance.

Charles Brough resigned from the University of Arkansas in 1915 to begin his gubernatorial campaign. Brough’s main primary opponents were Secretary of State Earle Hodges and Lewis Smith. Hodges claimed that Brough was in favor of ‘race mixing’ and that he was a Mormon because Brough wrote his dissertation about Utah, entitled, "Irrigation in Utah." Brough won the primary and then swept to victory in the general election. When he ran for a second term two years later, the Republicans failed to field a candidate and endorsed him over socialist candidate Clay Fulks. Charles Brough was the twenty-fifth governor of Arkansas, from 1917 through 1921, and was considered one of Arkansas more progressive governors.

Charles Brough was a ‘headliner’ for the Redpath-Vawter Chautauqua circuit and one of his speeches, “American’s Leadership of the World,” was estimated to be have given 3,400 times.

Physical Description

Document, 8.5" x 11"


Brough, Charles Hillman, 1876-1935; Elaine Race Riot, Elaine, Ark., 1919

Geographical Area

Arkansas; Elaine, Phillips County (Ark.)





Resource Type



Charles Hillman Brough collection, MS.000487


Arkansas State Archives

Contributing Entity

Arkansas State Archives

Recommended Citation

Charles Hillman Brough collection, Arkansas State Archives, Little Rock, Arkansas.


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United States History