Creator

Date Original

1944

Description

This collection contains a pictorial review book on the USS Arkansas from 1944, two stories regarding the USS Arkansas written by military officers, and various news clippings related to the USS Arkansas.

Biographical/Historical Note

The USS Arkansas was a battleship built by the United States Navy and was the third Navy ship to bear the state's name. It served in both World Wars. The ship was launched on January 14, 1911 and commissioned at the Philadelphia Navy Yard on September 17, 1912. It entered World War I in 1917 performing patrol duties along the East coast and in July joining the Sixth Battle Fleet of the British Grand Fleet, based in Roslyth, Scotland. Following the war, the Arkansas performed escort duties for President Wilson's visit to Brest, France. It was assigned to the U.S. Pacific fleet in July of 1919. Until the attack on Pearl Harbor in 1941, the Arkansas served primarily as a training ship. It performed convoy escort duties at the beginning of the war. During the June 6, 1944 D-Day invasion at Omaha Beach, the Arkansas was 4,000 yards off shore, fighting German shore batteries and attacks by aircraft. It participated in several more battles before the war's end, including battles at Normandy, Iwo Jima, and Okinawa. By 1945, it was the oldest battleship in active combat duty in the U.S. Navy. The Arkansas was selected for atomic naval tests at Bikini Atoll in the Marshall Islands because of its age. It survived the airborne atomic explosion of "Test Able" on July 1, 1946, but sank on July 25, 1946 during the second "Baker" test, a submerged detonation from ninety feet below the water surface. The Arkansas now rests in the Bikini Atoll lagoon. Walter Fisher of Ann Arbor, Michigan, donated this collection of material related to the USS Arkansas. His uncle, Walter S. Sargent, served as the Executive Officer or Second in Command of the USS Arkansas for most of World War II. He retired from the United States Navy as a Rear Admiral.

Physical Description

Document, 8.5" x 11"

Geographical Area

Arkansas

Language

English

Identifier

SMC.175.007

Resource Type

Text

Collection

Walter Fisher USS Arkansas collection, SMC.175.007

Publisher

Arkansas State Archives

Contributing Entity

Arkansas State Archives

Recommended Citation

Walter Fisher USS Arkansas collection, Arkansas State Archives, Little Rock, Arkansas.

Rights

Use and reproduction of images held by the Arkansas State Archives without prior written permission is prohibited. For information on reproducing images held by the Arkansas State Archives, please call 501-682-6900 or email at state.archives@arkansas.gov.

Disciplines

United States History

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