Photograph of an undertaker at a gravesite.
After the bombing of Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941, President Franklin D. Roosevelt signed Executive Order 9022, creating the War Relocation Authority (WRA). The WRA selected ten sites in which to imprison more than 110,000 persons of Japanese ancestry, over two-thirds of whom were American citizens. Two of these centers were in the Arkansas Delta, one at Rohwer in Desha County, and the other at Jerome in sections of Chicot and Drew counties. Over 16,000 Japanese Americans were incarcerated in these two centers between October 1942 and November 1945. The Japanese American Citizens League was founded in 1929 by existing Nisei organizations in California and Washington and is the oldest Asian American civil rights organization in the United States. Joseph Boone Hunter was born on December 27, 1886, and died in September 1987. His career included teaching in public schools and colleges, serving as an Army chaplain with active foreign service, missionary work in the Far East and Middle East, work in the United States Civil Service, and a score of interim pastorates. The Rohwer Center Cemetery in Desha County is one of only three Japanese relocation center cemeteries still maintained in the United States. The Nisei GI Memorial commemorates the 442nd Regimental Combat Team and the 100th Infantry Battalion. These units were made up of Japanese Americans and draftees from Hawaii. Over 800 men from these two units were killed or missing in action by the end of the war. The 100th Battalion/442nd Infantry Regiment has been recognized for being the most-decorated unit of their size in American miltary history for service during World War II.
Photograph, 3" x 5"
Cemeteries; United States. Army. Infantry Battalion, 100th; United States. Army. Infantry Regiment, 442nd; Rohwer Relocation Center (Ark.); Internment camps; Military camps; World War, 1939-1945--Concentration Camps--United States--Arkansas
MS.000119, Box 1, Folder 13, Item 4
Joseph Boone Hunter collection, MS.000119
Arkansas State Archives
Arkansas State Archives
Photograph of an undertaker at gravesite, Joseph Boone Hunter collection, Arkansas State Archives, Little Rock, Arkansas.
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United States History
Hazel Retherford papers, MS.000643; Amon Guy Thompson papers, MG04582-MG04586; Austin Smith papers, 1942-1945, MG04350; Beauty Behind Barbed Wire: The Arts of the Japanese in Our War Relocation Camps, MG01299; Community Analysis Reports and Community Analysis Trend Reports of the War Relocation Authority, 1942-1946, MG03846-MG03847; Japanese Camp papers, MG03848-MG03869
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