The document contains an index of personal narratives from appointed personnel staff at Rohwer Relocation Center compiled by the War Relocation Authority.

Biographical/Historical Note

After the bombing of Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941, President Franklin D. Roosevelt signed Executive Order 9022, creating the War Relocation Authority (WRA). The WRA selected ten sites in which to imprison more than 110,000 persons of Japanese ancestry, over two-thirds of whom were American citizens. Two of these centers were in the Arkansas Delta, one at Rohwer in Desha County, and the other at Jerome in sections of Chicot and Drew counties. Over 16,000 Japanese Americans were incarcerated in these two centers between October 1942 and November 1945.


United States
Department of Interior
War Relocation Authority
McGehee, Arkansas


This is an Index to the Personal Narrative Reports of
designated Appointed Personnel staff members of Rohwer Relocation
Center. References for locating subject-headings are made by
indicating the author, title of the report, and the page of the
report on whihc the item is located. For example:

Rin cards..... Updegraff, Sup, 4

is to be interpreted as follows: On page 4 of Mr. Upegraff's
Personal Narrative report on Supply Section, is found a description
of "Rin Carda" and their use.


Agri--- Agriculture Section
Com Act--- Community Activities Section
Com Anal--- Command by Analysis Section
Com Mgt--- Community Management Division
Educ--- Education Section
Engr--- Engineering Section
Ecav Prop--- Evacuee Property Section
Fise--- Finance Section
Health--- Health Section
Ind Sec--- Internal Security Section
Legal--- Legal Division
Mess-- Mess Operations
MT&M--- Motor Transport and Maintenance Section
Off Ser--- Office Services Section
Oper--- Operations Division
Pers--- Personnel Management Section
Proc--- Procurement Unit
Proj Dir--- Project Director
Reloc--- Relocation Division
Rep--- Reports Division
Stat--- Statistics Section
Sup--- Supply Section
Wel--- Welfare Section
Administrative policy, changes suggested
all-Caucasian Internal Security Dept... Clayton, Int, Sec, 2
all-Caucasian teaching staff... Thompson, Educ, 8
Ziegler, Educ, 3
school plan built and equipped... Thompson, Educ, 6
too few appointed personnel... Bethune, Pers, 4
different assignment of worker... Widom, Com Anal, 8-9
different staff status... Wisdom, Com Anal, 7
earlier establishment of service... Dusseldorp, Wel, 3
Zuendt, MT&M, 3
Morrow, Stat, 3
too frequent policy changes... Estes, Fise, 1
Updegraff, Sup, 4
build personnel housing sooner... Thompson, Educ, 5
different lines of authority... Rhyne, Engr, 1
Owen, Evac Prep, 1
Martin, Educ, 6
merging functions...Price, Relec, 3-4
civil service status for evacuees... Moulton, Com Mgt, 2
Griswold, Com Act, 6
relocation policy too restrictive... Johnston, Proj Dir, 15
store, non-profit vs. Co-op Johnston, Proj Dir, 18
Bin cards...Updegraff, Sup, 4
Block isolationism
Stockton vs. Santa Anita friction... Rains, Oper, 3
mixed housing, solution for...Rains, Oper, 9
Civil Service
relaxation of regulations... Rains, Oper, 2
work day as applied to teachers... Matin, Educ, 4-5
Thompson, Educ, 5
employees accomplishments increased... Sullenger, Pers, 11
Closing operations...Rans, Oper, 10
Hudson, Mess, 3
Beasley, Educ, 10-12
Ziegler, Educ, 4
Updegraff, Sup, 4
Wisdom, Com Anal, 10
Community activities
relationship with other sections... Griswold, Com Act, 1-2, 4
reogranization... Griswold, Com Act, 2, 5
use of existing social impetus... Griswold, Com Act, 7
temporary in nature... Griswold, Com Act, 5
function in relocation... Griswold, Com Act, 5
an essential program... Johnston, Proj Dir, 18
Community analysis
interpretation to community... Wisdom, Com Anal, 2-3
special reports, nature of... Wisdom, Com Anal, 3
value of... Wisdom, Com Anal, 8
"rumor chasing"... Wisdom, Com Anal, 8-9
Construction basic
behind schedule... Rains, Oper, 2
Johnston, Proj Dir, 2
inadequate... Johnston, Proj Dir, 3
compared to WRA construction... Johnston, Proj Dir, 19
Cooperative enterprises
officials(evacuee)uncooperative... Boothe, Legal, 3
Forrest, Legal, 5
Griswold, Com Act, 4
inefficient... Johnston, Proj Dir, 17-18
Cost accounting... Estes, Fisc, 2
relocation, student... Anis, Educ, 3
district system for relocation advising... Key, Reloc, 1-2
principles employed... Dusseldorp, Wel, 4
evacuee personnel... Sullenger, Pers, 4
Curriculum, school
adviser, problems of... Frasier, Educ, 3-5
revision, continuous... Frasier, Educ, 5-6

contracts... Fairley, Engr, 3
project incomplete... Johnston, Proj Dir, 19-20
conferences... Thompson, Educ, 3
Frasier, Educ, 1-2
Ziegler, Educ, 1-2
Beasley, Educ, 8-9
atypical child... Ziegler, Educ, 4
Frasier, Educ, 2, 6
adult...Frasier, Educ, 6-8
industrial...Ramsdell, Educ, 1-2
Equipment and supplies, initial lack of... Srith, Rep, 1-2
Ziegler, Educ, 3
Rives, Agr, 1
Ramsdell, Educ, 1
Beasley, Educ, 10, 11
Thompson, Educ, 3-4
created resentment... Dusseldorp, Wel, 1
loss of security from... Dusseldorp, Wel, 1
caused loss of property... Dusseldorp, Wel, 2
shouldn't have happened... Dusseldorp, Wel, 13
lack of seriousness on the job... Fairley, Engr, 8
legal servies for, nature of... Forrest, LEgal, 2,3,4
Boothe, Legal, 2
attitude toward appointed personnel... Griswold, Com Act, 5-6
ability to assume responsibility... Marks, Health, 2
Hudson, Mess, 2
Smith, Rep, 7
attitude toward law enforcement... Clayton, Int See, 1-2
suspicious of certain appointed personnel... Smith, Rep, 2-3
Wisdom, Com Anal, 4
attidutes, general... Johnston, Proj Dir, 3,4,5
record, decentralization unsatisfactory... Steed, Off Ser, 23
card locator... Morrow, Stat, 2
individual, necessity for... Morrow, Stat, 1
Food requisitioning... Hudson, Mess, 4
Fuel problem
block vs equal distribution system... Rains, Oper, 4
coal sample testing... Fairley, Engr, 2
woodcutting... Rains, Oper, 3
Failey, Engr, 1-2
wood vs. coal... Johnston, Proj Dir, 17
Gate control procedure... Morrow, Stat, 2
program effective... Johnston, Proj Dir, 16
gratuities, "surreptitious"... Marks, Health, 3
surgery, selective, denied... Marks, Health, 3
Hearings, leave clearance
number... Moulton, Com Mgt, 2
problems and procedure... Rains, Oper, 8
Johnston, Proj Dir, 9-10
Wasington Office slow in handling... Moulton, Com Mgt, 2
Johnston, Proj Dir, 15
Housing, appointed personnel
inadequacy of... Key, Reloc, 1
Thompson, Educ, 5
construction of... Come, Engr, 1
Interpreters, need for... Dusseldorp, Wel, 12

Japanese customs
go-between... Dusseldorp, Wel, 9-10
the family sodan... Dusseldorp, Wel, 11
Job description inadequate... Morrow, Stat, 3

evacuee vs negro... Rains, Oper, 5,7
Cole, Engr, 2
trouble... Rains, Oper, 3
Fairley, Engr, 6
Zuendt, MT&M, 2
personal vs group benefits... Rains, Oper, 3
Cole, Engr, 2
Hudson, Mess, 1
stoppages and slowdowns... Cole, Engr, 1
Fairley, Engr, 3,4,5
lack of skilled... Cole, Engr, 1
Moulton, Com Mgt, 1
button system of indentification... Cole, Engr, 2
reluctance to work full day... Cole, Engr, 2
Bathune, Pers, 3
Fairley, Engr, 3,4
part-time workers... Amis, Edne, 2
"walk-offs" reduced... Sullenger, Pers, 10
utilization... Sullenger, Pers, 5
right-of-way clearing, expensive... Fairley, Engr, 4
Labor Relations committee effective... Johnston, Proj Dir, 7
Leadership and training, need for... Griswold, Com Act, 5

procedure too complex... Moulton, Com Mgt, 3
short-term, aids relocation... Moulton, Com Mgt, 4
"open door policy"... Mouton, Com Mgt, 3-4
section procedure... Brewster, Reloc, 1-2
vacation... Sullenger, Pers, 5

school and community...Muyskens, Educ, 1-2
occupational... Amuis, Educ, 2

Mess hall competition... Hudson, Mess, 2
Mules...Rains, Oper, 4

Office space,
related offices separated... Brewster, Reloc, 2
Price, Reloc, 4
inadequate... Forrest, Legal, 3
Dusseldorp, Wel, 3
Thompson, Educ, 4
Johnston, Proj Dir, 3

relocation advisers... Key, Reloc, 1
welfare counsellors... Dusseldorp, Wel, 3, 8
government employees, need for... Thompson, Educ, 2, 5
Smith, Rep, 1
teachers, need of... Thompson, Educ, 5
training program for WRA employees... Sullenger, Pers, 7
project director... Johnston, Proj Dir, 3

Personnel, general
placement program... Sullenger, Pers, 6-7
program consolidated... Sullenger, Pers, 4
program, standard, impossible... Sullenger, Pers, 11
classification and organization... Sullenger, Pers, 9

Personnel, appointed
opposed to hospitilization policy... Marks, Health, 2-3
inter-section relationships... Wisdom, Con Anal, 5
McGowan, Pros, 1
Bethune, Pers, 3
attitude toward community analyst... Wisdom, Com Anal, 5, 6
improved by personnel program... Sullenger, Pers, 10-11
absenteeism decreased... Sullenger, Pers, 11
supervisory qualifications, deficiency in... Sullenger, Pers, 3
unfamiliar with government procedure... Sullenger, Pers, 3
training programs... Sullenger, Pers, 7-8
problems of recruitment... Johnston, Proj Dir, 2
Recreation Association... Sullenger, Pers, 9

Personnel, evacuee trained, lack of... Smith, Rep, 2, 6
job over-staffing... Rains, Oper, 5
assignments unsatisfactory... Wisdom, Com Anal, 8-9
Bethune, Pers, 2
improved by placement program... Sullenger, Pers, 10-11
training program... Sullenger, Pers, 6
transfers... Sullenger, Pers, 6
disliked supervision... Bethune, Pers, 2

Procurement unsolicited assistance in... McGowan,Proc, 1
laison with warehouse... McGowan, Proc, 1
inadequate checks on... Updegraff, Sup, 2

Project Director
staff relationships... Wisdom, Com Anal, 7
Moulton, Com Mgt, 3
Bethune, Pers, 3
Johnston, Proj Dir, 5
evacuee relationships... Mouton, Com Mgt, 3
Johnston, Proj Dir, 5

Property Control
insufficient emphasis... Eates, Fisc, 1
responsibility shifted... Eates, Fisc, 1
procedure delayed... Updegraff, Sup, 1
system impractical, incomplete... Johnston, Proj Dir, 16-17

Property, evacuee
disposal of WRA... Forrest, Legal, 5-8
Section, responsibility divided... Owen, Evac Prop, 1-2
rental contracts... Boothe, Legal, 3
tenancy termination... Forrest, Legal, 9
Yokohama Specie Bank claims... Forrest, Legal, 9
Boothe, Legal, 3
insurance, life... Forrest, Legal, 9-10
Boothe, Legal, 3

Property, WRA
accounting for... Updegraff, Sup, 4
Estes, Fisc, 1
requisitioning, problem of... Updegraff, Sup, 2, 3
McGowan, Proc, 2
procurement of... Updegraff, Sup, 2, 3
useless surplus of... McGowan, Proc, 1
Rains, Oper, 10
Updegraff, Sup, 3
declarations of surplus... Rains, Oper, 10
Updegraff, Sup, 4
warehousing... Updegraff, Sup, 1,3,4
Rains, Oper, 2
Johnston, Proj Dir, 3
Public relations
press "open house"... Smith, Rep, 3
Johnston, Proj Dir, 13-14
individual evacuee attitude toward... Smith, Rep, 3
group evacuee attutude toward... Smith, Rep, 4
appointed personnel contributions to... Smith, Rep, 5, 6
outside contacts of Internal Security head... Clayton, Int Sec, 3
Johnston, Proj Dir, 13
outside athletic complettion discouraged... Beasley, Educ, 10
with state... Johnston, Proj Dir, 12-13
local stores... Johnston, Proj Dir, 12
visitors... Johnston, Proj Dir, 14

Pupils, school
initial enumeration of... Beasley, Educ, 7-8
Ziegler, Educ, 1
grade placement... Ziegler, Educ, 1
credit evaluation of... Thompson, Educ, 9
Beasley, Educ, 8
attitudes of... Lauhon, Educ, 2-3
Thompson, Educ, 9
pupil-teacher relationships... Thompson, Educ, 9-10
truancy... Martin, Educ, 3

Records, protection of (welfare) Dusseldorp, Wel, 5-6

employment... Moulton, Com Mgt, 2
general... Rains, Oper, 8
Moulton, Com Mgt, 2
Johnston, Proj Dir, 7-9
evacuee attitude toward... Smith, Rep, 7, 8
Price, Reloc, 1
new approach... Price, Reloc, 2
enlarged program recommended... Price, Reloc, 3-4
effect on center operations... Cole, Engr, 3
Zuendt, MT&M, 2
Smith, Rep, 2
Thompson, Educ, 8
retarded by clumsy procedure... Johnston, Proj Dir, 15
policy too restrictive... Johnston, Proj Dir, 15

Reports, staff attitude toward... Smith, Rep, 8

Retrospect... Smith, Rep, 8
Price, Reloc, 3-4
Rains, Oper, 10
Griswold, Com Act, 7
Morrow, Stat, 3
Marks, Health, 3-4
Dusseldorp, Wel, 7-8
Lauhon, Educ, 3
Ziegler, Educ, 4
Beasley, Educ, 11-12
Martin, Educ, 6
Fairley, Engr, 8
Bethune, Pers, 4
Zuendt, MT&M, 3
Frasier, Educ, 8
Johnston, Proj Dir, 20-21

Scheduling, successful... Price, Reloc, 3
Moulton, Com Mgt, 4

equipment and supply problems... Ziegler, Educ 3
Thompson, Educ, 3-4
textbooks, selection of... Beasley, Educ, 9
Frasier, Educ, 1, 2
Ziegler, Educ, 1
vocational guidance program... Amis, Educ, 1
problems, 1st, 2nd, 3rd years... Thompson, Educ, 11-12
community vs traditional... Frasier, Educ, 1
Beasley, Educ, 9-10
opening of... Thompson, Educ, 6
extra-curricular activities... Amis, Educ, 2
adequacy and efficiency... Johnston, Proj Dir, 18

block managers... Johnston, Proj Dir, 5
Rains, Oper, 9
Community Council... Johnston, Proj Dir, 6-7
selection of mess stewards... Johnston, Proj Dir, 6
selection of Internal Security force... Johnston, Proj Dir, 6
assistance with segregation... Johnston, Proj Dir, 11
Judicial Commission, ineffective... Johnston, Proj Dir, 6-7
Clayton, Int Sec, 2
effects of... Rains, Oper, 8
Widsom, Com Anal, 2
reasons for its success... Johnston, Proj Dir, 11

Selective Service
effect on center operations... Cole, Engr, 3
evacuee attitude toward... Forrest, Legal, 11
difficulty with transfers... Forrest, Legal, 11
counselling... Amis, Educ, 3-4

Stock catalogue... McGowan, Proc, 1-2
Updegraff, Sup, 4

Supply procedure, inagequate... Updegraff, Sup, 3

Teachers, school
recruitment, problems of... Thompson, Educ, 2-3
evacuee... Beasley, Educ, 10
Thompson, Educ, 7-8
Ziegler, Educ, 2
morale of... Thompson, Educ, 5, 7
Martin, Educ, 3-4
turnover... Ziegler, Educ, 4
Thompson, Educ, 8, 10
unity of... Thompson, Educ, 7, 10
evacuee, didn't like to teacher... Ziegler, Educ, 3

evacuee reluctance to report absences... Rains, Oper, 3
weak link in labor utilization... Sullenger, Pers, 3
control of... Sullenger, Pers, 5

Visitors (evacuee), accounting for... Morrow, Stat, 2

Vocational Training
part time workers... Amis, Educ, 2
summer work... Amis, Educ, 3
adult... Frasier, Educ, 6-7
secondary school... Ramsdell, Educ, 1-2
on-the-job training... Rains, Oper, 5-6
Cole, Engr, 1
Morrow, Stat, 1
Hudson, Mess, 1, 2
Beasley, Educ, 10, 12
Sullenger, Pers, 6, 7, 8
apprentice training... Zuendt, MT&M, 2
Wage scale, evacuee
effect on job placement... Moulton, Com Mgt, 1-2
unjustifiable... Morrow, Stat, 3
percentages by brackets... Sullenger, Pers, 2
dissatisfaction with... Johnston, Proj Dir, 15

Physical Description

Index, 8.5" x 11"


Relocation camps; Japanese Americans--Evacuation and relocation, 1942-1945; World War, 1939-1945--Concentration Camps--United States--Arkansas; Administrative agencies; Rohwer Relocation Center (Ark.)


War Relocation Authority

Geographical Area

McGehee, Desha County (Ark.)




MS.000261, Box 1, Folder 3, Item 1

Resource Type



John Albert Trice collection, MS.000261


Arkansas State Archives

Contributing Entity

Arkansas State Archives

Recommended Citation

Index of personal narratives from Rohwer Relocation Center, John Albert Trice collection, Arkansas State Archives, Little Rock, Arkansas.


Use and reproduction of images held by the Arkansas State Archives without prior written permission is prohibited. For information on reproducing images held by the Arkansas State Archives, please call 501-682-6900 or email at


United States History


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Additional Content

Hazel Retherford papers, MS.000643; Amon Guy Thompson papers, MG04582-MG04586; Austin Smith papers, 1942-1945, MG04350; Beauty Behind Barbed Wire: The Arts of the Japanese in Our War Relocation Camps, MG01299; Community Analysis Reports and Community Analysis Trend Reports of the War Relocation Authority, 1942-1946, MG03846-MG03847; Japanese Camp papers, MG03848-MG03869



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Index of personal narratives from Rohwer Relocation Center