The 1944 student handbook from Rohwer Center High School.
After the bombing of Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941, President Franklin D. Roosevelt signed Executive Order 9022, creating the War Relocation Authority (WRA). The WRA selected ten sites in which to imprison more than 110,000 persons of Japanese ancestry, over two-thirds of whom were American citizens. Two of these centers were in the Arkansas Delta, one at Rohwer in Desha County, and the other at Jerome in sections of Chicot and Drew counties. Over 16,000 Japanese Americans were incarcerated in these two centers between October 1942 and November 1945.
YOUR STUDENT HANDBOOK
ROHWER CENTER HIGH SCHOOL
THE AMERICAN'S CREED
I believe in the United States of
America; a government of the people, by the
people, for the people, whose just powers
are derived from the consent of the governed;
a democracy in a republic; a sovereign nation
of many sovereign states; a perfect union,
one and inseparable, established upoon these
principles of freedom, equality, justice,
and humanity, for which American patriots
sacrificed their lives and fortunes. I
therefore believe it is my duty to my coun-
try to love it, to support its constitution,
to obey its laws, to respect its flag, and
to defend it against all enemies.
PLEDGE OF ALLEGIANCE TO THE FLAG
I pledge allegiance to the flag of the
United States of America and to the Republic
for which it stands, one Nation indivisible,
with libery and justice for all.
PURPOSE OF THE HANDBOOK
In order that parents, pupils, and teachers
may work together heartily and effectively
for the good of the Rohwer Center High School,
we have compiled in this hand-book important
regulations and results of our experiences.
It is our sincere hope that parents,
pupils, and teachers will read carefully
every word, and that together we may accom-
plish splendid things.
This hand-book is given to all who come
for the first time to the Rohwer Center High
School, all information compiled within these
covers deals with the senior section of our
TO THE STUDENT:
It is the aim of the Administratice
Office of Rohwer Center High School that
we maintain the best possible educational
opportunities for our students. To that end
we invite the wholesome cooperation and
participation of our students.
In order that you may be informed
about your school and more intelligently
participate in its activites, this hand
book has been prepared. If our school is
to maintain its high stanards or progress
to even higher levels of excellence, you
will have to contribute your influence and
William M. Beasley
TABLE OF CONTENTS
America's Creed and Pledge of Allegiance
Purpose of This Handbook
Mr. Beasley's Message
Administration and Faculty
History of Rohwer Center High School
School Name and Colors
Gneral Roles of the School Guidance
Requirements for Graduation
Library and Rules
Student Body Officers
Home Room Officers
Clubs and Organizations
Parents and Teachers Association
School Social Regulations
Constitution of Rohwer Center High School
Mr. A.G. Thompson Superintendent of Education
Mr. William M. Beasley Principal of Secondary Schools
Mr. Yance Martin Assistant Principal of Secondary Schools
Miss Opal Albright Counselor and Vocational Guidance Director
Mr. Benjamin Ramsdell Director of Vocational Training and Re-Training
Miss Kikue Toyota Senior Clerk
Mrs. Rose Koyama Clerk
Miss Fumiko Kume Clerk
Mr. John Anders Algebra, Plane Geometry
Miss Guy Brown Commercial Law
Miss Lena May Campster American History, World History
Miss Ellene W. Cooper American History, English
Miss Grace Dilday English
Miss Himi Hashimoto Physical Education
Miss Mabel Rose Jamison Art
Miss Marie Mitsuda Physical Education
Miss Ellen Morrow Latin, English
Miss Mattie Lou Leflar Business Arithmetic Algebra,
Mr. K. Niiya Auto Mechanics
Mrs. Ruth Niiya Typing
Miss Jowel Palmer Home Economics
Miss Leathel Paxton Shorthand
Mrs. Leola Price Music
Mrs. Mataileen Ramsdell Sociology, Journalism
Miss Mary Reinhardt Spanish, Remedial
Mr. William Ritter Mechanical Drawing
Miss Elaine Simpson English, Latin
Mr. Henry Sugimoto Art
As this book goes to publication there may
be some changes in our school faculty, so please
list them below.
8:23 Warning Bell
8:25 First Home Room
8:30 Past to Period I
8:35 Tardy Bell to Period I
9:30 Pass to Period II
9:35 Tardy Bell to Period II
10:30 Pass to Homeroom
10:35 Tardy to Homeroom
11:00 Pass to Period III
11:05 Tardy to Period III
12:00 End of Period III
12:00-1:15 Lunch Period
1:15 Pass to Period IV
1:20 Tardy Bell to Period IV
2:15 Pass to Period V
2:20 Tardy Bell to Period V
3:15 Pass to Period VI
3:20 Tardy to Period VI
4:15 Dismiss for the Day
HISTORY OF THE ROHWER CENTER SCHOOL
In October, 1942, the pre-school survey
was hold. The first group of teachers arrived
on November 2 to 7. The school began on Nov-
ember 9 under the supervision of Mr. J. A. Trice,
superintendent of education; Mr. Wm. Beasley,
high school principal; and Mr. John Bledsoe,
assistant high school principal in charge of
the Junior High School division in Block 31.
Miss Opal Albright was vocational counselor
and Mr. Ira A. Holland was director of Phys-
ical education. Miss Mary Fujita, who was
experienced in California public schools
worked as the registrar.
The school began with 16 Caucasian tea-
chers and 14 evacuee teachers with approximately
620 students. Textbooks and furniture did
not arrive until January.
In December, the day before Christmas
say the begining of the Hi-Lites of Rohwer
Center High School. The organization of the student Council started in December,
and the officers went to work at the begin-
ning of the second semester. By the time
the first semester was over, we had a smooth-
running school and an adequate program of
extra-curricular and social activities. The
first graduating class, of approzimately
57 members, received their diplomas on
March 26, 1943.
In the second semester the Student
Body President assured his office and a
National Honor Society was organized in
addition to the already formed extra-
curricular and social activities. In June
Rohwer High School was accredited by the
Arkansas State Department of Education as
an "A" grade high school, making it pos-
sible to transfer credits to other schools
of the United States. The library started
during the second semester. Open house was
hold in July and there were several thou-
sand visitors registered. On July 30, 1943,
the second graduating class, of approxi-
mately 150 members, received their diplomas.
August 30 to September 3 the first pre-
school conference was held. Regular session
began on September 5. The calss-rooms were
enlarged so that large groups were more
adequately taken care of. With almost no
unnecessary delay school got on its way.
The school club system was organized shortly
afterowrds. The Student Council continued
its smooth existence. In November the
National Honor Society sponsored a War Bond
Drive notting a sufficient amount to purchase
four jeeps instead of one, which was our
goal. A Co-ed contest, a Basket social and
other activities were sponsored by various
clubs. A number of friends left for Tule
Lake early in October. The mid-term gradu-
ating class received their diplomas in
The new officers of the Student Council
and the Girl's League assumed their offices
immediately after the second semester began.
One of the high-lights of the year was Boys'
and Girls' Weel concluding with a Bury-the-
Hatchet Dance. Also the annual drive began
in the second semester. In April more than
a thousand dollars was added to the Student
Council fund from a successful carnival.
Early in May the Final Examinations were
given to those who were to leave for
Tule Lake. On May 19, 1944, the second
summer class graduated from Rohwer Center
Our school, Rohwer Center High School,
was named after the center. Barraccader was
chosen by the student body as a nichname of
our school in the year 1942.
Rohwer Center High School colors
are blue and white. These colors are
used in all letters given by the athletic
On July 5, 1943, a ceremony for the
dedication of the new flag pole was held,
the Student Body President presiding the
flag was raised by the boy scouts and the
pledge to the glad was led be the elementary
The second flag pole ceremony was hold
on April 26, 1944, when its location was
changed to its present site. This ceremony
was sponsored by the Hi-Y.
There are a few hard and fast rules of
the school. Students are expected to follow
their own consciences as far as keeping
the school group and wash rooms clean, tak-
ing care of school property, and such things
are concerned. This is our school and whether
it is clean or dirt depends on each individual.
The following bulletin explains attendance rules.
(Bulletin on Attendance)
Students leaving the school during
school hours because of sickness, etc., are
expected to check out from the office.
The three slips below are: Student
Pass Slip, Drop slip, and Admit to Class.
Student Pass Slip is used when a pupil is
excused to go from one class to another or
to the library or study hall. It is filled
out by the teacher.
Drop Slip. If you wish to drop a subject
for some reason, you see Miss Amis or som-
one in the office and have a drop slip
Admit to Class. Students who are late
to a class are expected to report to the
office first and get an admitto class
Fire drills are a very necessary part
of our school program. They are needed for
the protection of students in case of fire
or any other emergency which may arise.
When the fire drill bell is sounded,
students will receive instructions from
the teachers in their classes.
Students are expected to cooperate
in following instructions and to leave the
classrooms quickly and quietly.
PART TIME EMPLOYMENT
Pupils under sixteen (16) years of age
may not be employed. Pupils under
eighteen (18) years of age must have a
doctors certificate and a permit signed
by parents in order to work at any job
that requires any physical exertion.
Maximum hours of work are eight (8) on
Saturday and seven (7) on School days.
The minimum hours of work are one (1)
hour. Pupils must not be employed after
9 P.M. nor before 6 A.M. All pupils
are paid b y the hour and not by the job.
The work hours vary according to the
amount of time the student is able to
put in without hinderance to school
3. Assignment Procedure
The requisitioning officer must submit
his requisitions to the Vocational
Guidance Director in 33-12-C.
The V.G. Director will select the part
time workers to fill the requisition
with the name of the worker to the Place-
ment Office in Ad. Bldg. 2.
The Placement Officer shall prepare the
assignemtn imemdiately. The pupil must
wait at the Placement Office until he
receives his copy of the assignment sheet.
The pupil must report to the timekeeper
before he begins work.
4. Transfer Procedure
The requisitioning officer will notify
the V.G.D. when a pupil quits the
When the pupil is assigned to another
job, he signs and receives a transfer
slip in the V.G.D. Office. He
presents the transfer slip to the time-
keeper before the begins work.
A pupil shall not be terminated until
time of graduation or relocation.
Report cards are issues to the students
at the end of each 6-week work preiod dur-
ing the 18-week sesmter. The progress
marks are as follows:
D- Merely passing
Inc- Incomplete because of absence
REQUIREMENTS FOR GRADUATION
Diplomas are issued to pupils are
found worthy in character and citizenship
and who do satisfactory work in a program
of instruction which meets the following
A. Six semesters in English (9B, 9A, 10B,
10A, 11B, and 11A)
B. Two semesters in American History in
the eleventh year.
C. Eight semesters' (9B to 12A) pursuit
of the General Curriculum, the Acade-
mic Curriculum, or one of the Practical
Fine Arts or Vocational Curricula.
D. Eight semesters (9B to 12A) of
E. Two semesters' of Soc. Sci. in the
twelfth year. (American Government
one semester and Sociology one semester.)
F. One credit is given for each subject
taken on period daily for one semester.
One one-half credit is granted for
Physical Education. A student must
have at least 33 credits to graduate.
The Honor Roll is a list of students who
have made good grades on their report cards.
To be on the honor roll is consered a great
1. Requirements for the A honor roll.
A's in scholarship, B of better
2. Requirements for the "B" honor roll.
B or better in scholarship and citizenship.
1. Boys Athletic Awards
A. Chenille letters
Letters are awardsed to teh "All
Starts," selected through all-oppo-
nent Home Rooms; e.g. Home room-1
will choose from Home room-2, Home
room-2 from Home room-3, etc. The
persons who receive the most votes
(sportmanship and actual activities
considered), after consideration
from the coaches, will be chosen.
In they have taken part in inter-
scholastic events, then other ele-
ments must be considered, such as
minimum playing time.
Emblems, such as basketballs, foot-
balls, etc., are awarded to those
on the school championship Home
Room teams. Their names must be
on the roster, and the actual play-
ing time must be mroe than the
minimum, depending on the round
Awarded to Home Room Champions
of each grade.
III. Girls Athletic Awards
A. Chenille letters
To receive a letter, a girl must
be a senior "B" credited with a
year and a half of active parti-
cipation in the G.A.A. She
must be out at three-fourths of
the after school practices. She
must have "B" or better grades
1. The outstanding Athlete Ban-
ner shows the outstanding
girl of the semester from
each grade in school.
2. The girls are chosen by fel-
low members of each grade,
with the consideration of
III. Typing Awards
At the end of the first semester of
typing, two silver pins will be
awarded to students hitting 45 words
per minute. Also at the end of the
first semester, two bronze pins will
be awarded to these hitting 50 words
per minute. Two a person hitting 70
words or more per minute at the
end of the year a gold typing award
pin will be given. Certificates
of Proficiency and Credit are also
awarded to the students meeting all
IV. Gold Seal
Gold Seals on diploma are awarded
to the members of the National
Membership indicates high rank
in Scholarship, Service, Leader-
ship, and Character.
condition it saves time, as the book does
not have the be opened in order to find the
The books are taken from the stock room
and assigned to the students by the teachers.
When the books are assigned to the students
they must sign their names', the date taken
and teachers' signatures are also on the
cards. The cards are then filed in the stock
The books are returned to the stock room
by the teachers when they are no longer needed.
The original price of the book is charged
when books are lost. If, after the price
is paid the book is recovered, the money is
refunded. Any damage done to the books will
be repaired at the Block 19 library.
All important notices from the main
office to both the teachers and the students
are carried from class to class by the stud-
ent office workers. Those office workers
also help in keeping the attendance check-
ip. They must be ready to do anything asked
by the senio clerk.
In order to work in the office one must
have a "B" average or better on his grades.
There are three bulletin boards for the
students on our campus: one, a blackboard
on the south end of barrack eleven: another,
the athletic bulletin board for notices by
the Physical Education Department, on the
front of P.S. Hall 35. The Girls' League
has set up a bulletin board in the study hall.
Regular assembly programs are free and
are usually held during homeroom period.
To produce assembly programs, student orga-
nizations must got permission from the
sponsor. The auditorium must be reserved
ahead of time at the main office.
All assemblies are in change of the
Student Body President or Vice President,
who calls the assembly to order.
Students attending assemblies should
enter and leave in an orderly manner. They
should show respect for the speaker
or the main person on the stage. At the close
of the program the students will be dismissed
to their classes by the Student Body
President or Vice President.
STUDENT BODY OFFICER
Qualification of each officer.
1. The President of the Associated
Students of Rohwer Center High
School shall be from the twelfth
or the eleventh grade.
2. Nominations for Associated Student
Government offices shall be made
by petition haivng twenty-five
student signatures, the signature
of the home room teacher, of each
subject teacher and of each study
hall teacher. Each petition shall
be certified by the Guidance Director.
3. All candidates shall have a B
average or above in sholarship
and in citizenship.
4. The oath of office shall be taken
by each officer on induction into
office before the student body on
the date prescribed by the Student
The Oath administered by the Pre-
sident shall be as follows:
I hereby solomly pledge myself
faithfully to discharge the duties
of the office to which I have been
elected. I will, to the best of
my ability, uphold the Constitu-
tion for the Associated Students
of the Rohwer Center High School.
1. He shall preside over all Student
2. He shall have the power to call
3. HE shall have the power to appoint
all committees of the students.
4. He shall preside at student assemblies.
5. He shall administer the oath of
office to the new officers.
1. He shall have power to represent the
absent president in any meeting.
2. he shall automatically become pres-
ident if for any reason, the office
of the president becomes vacant.
3. He shall tahe the place of any officer
of the Student Council who is absent
from any meeting.
4. He shall submit any news of the
Student Council to the school paper.
1. He shall keep a record of regular
and special meetings of the council..
2. He shall keep a record of attendance
of all members of the Student Council.
3. He shall keep a written account of each assembly.
1. He shall be authorized to receive and
handle all money collected under the
auspices of the Student Body
2. He shall keep a record of all dues,
cash receipts, contributions and
3. We shall make regular financial
reports to the organization.
4. He shall deposit all money collected,
with the Principal's Office.
HOME ROOM OFFICERS
DUTIES OF THE HOME ROOM PERSIDENT
1. To call the meeting to order
2. To call for business
3. To announce the business to be transacted
4. To state and put questions
5. To announce to result of any voting
6. To preserve order
7. To decide questions of order
8. To call for corrections of and to
approve the minutes
DUTIES OF A HOME ROOM SECRETARY
1. To prepare and keep the minutes,
giving place and time of meetings
2. To road minutes of meetings and assemblies
3. To keep a record of all motions
made and state whether lost
4. To keep a record of all committees
and properly notify each member
of his appointment
5. To take care of the meeting in the
absence of the president and the
6. To preserve carefully the consti-
tution and by-laws, together
with all amendments thereto
7. To see that permanent records of
all previous meetings are avail-
able at EVERY MEETING
8. To authenticate by signature all
records and acts
DUTIES OF THE HOME ROOM VICE PRESIDENT
1. To preside over the meeting in
the absence of the president
2. To assist in the president's work.
3. To act as the social chairman of
the class if such a chairman
has not been chosen
SERVICE CREDITS AND AWARDS
Service Credits shall be given each semester
on the following scale:
President 12 to 18
Vice President 3 to 5
Secretary 4 to 6
Treasurer 2 to 4
H.R. Representatives 1
12 A President 4 to 6
Other presidents 2 to 3
Vice President 1 to 2
12 A Treasurer 2 to 4
Other Treasurer 0 to 1
President 4 to 6
Vice President 2 to 3
Secretary 3 to 4
Treasurer 0 to 1
President 2 to 3
Vice President 1 to 2
Secretary 1 to 2
Treasurer 0 to 1
Paper Staff and Annual
Editor-in-chief 12 to 18
Associated Editors 4 to 8
Reporters 1 to 2
Art Editors 4 to 6
Typists 4 to 6
Stencilists 4 to 6
President 4 to 6
Vice President 2 to 4
Sec'y- Treasurer 3 to 5
Neritorius work of a chairman of
a special committee- 1 service
1. A roll checked may receive 1 service
credit per semester.
2. A badge and chevron shall be given
with the first 18 service credits
earned. The second and third 18
service credits shall merit chevrons.
Thereafter each 18 service credits
earned shall have a star as the award.
STUDENTS ARE URGED TO DISPLAY THEM ON
3. No student shall receive more than 18
service credits per semester.
4. A student may serve as teacher assistant
to only one teacher each semester and
shall be awarded 1 service credit for
each 10 hours up to 9 credits per sem-
ester. No student may serve as teacher
assistant and as office assistant within
a given semester.
5. No student shall be inducted into the
National Honor Society without a basis
number of credits.
6. It is recommended that the Editor-in-
chief of the Hi-Lites, the Editor of
the Annual and the President of the
Student Council hold no other office,
but strive to earn the maximym for his
or her office, since these are very
important offices and varry much work
and gret responsibility.
7. Sliding scales of service credits are
indicated for most offices to encourage
each student to live up to his full
ability and to allow the teacher to
recognize services accordingly. It is
highly desirable that the maximym be
given only when the teacher feels that
a student has done a superior piece of
work in the office which he has held.
CLUBS AND ORGANIZATIONS
Every Friday instead of Homeroom there
is an Activity Period.
The activity period is used for clubs
which are chosen according to the popularity
of the names suggested.
Any group of ten or more may form a
club provided that they have an adviser.
Students are urged to join but club
membership is not compulsory.
This club, which meets during activity
period, is a service club.
It is one of the outstanding clubs in
this school with a very enviable record.
The have sporsored the annual Co-ed
Contest and ball. They also undertook the
planning of the Campus Carnival which proved
to be a great sucess. It was advised by
Miss Elaine Simpson.
This organization, which is under the
Y.M.C.A., is one of th emost active in
Their meetings are held during activity
period or after school. It was advised by
Mr. Victor Matsui and Mr. Henry Hayashino.
One of the services which they rendered
to our school was the erection of the flag-
pole on April 25, 1944.
This club is very acive in our school.
Handbook, 6" x 9"
Education; Internment camps; Japanese Americans; Educational facilities; World War II (1939-1945)
Rohwer Center High School
McGehee, Desha County (Ark.)
MS.000261, Box 1, Folder 1, Item 1
John Albert Trice collection, MS.000261
Arkansas State Archives
Arkansas State Archives
Rohwer Center High School student handbook, John Albert Trice collection, Arkansas State Archives, Little Rock, Arkansas.
Use and reproduction of images held by the Arkansas State Archives without prior written permission is prohibited. For information on reproducing images held by the Arkansas State Archives, please call 501-682-6900 or email at firstname.lastname@example.org.
United States History
Hazel Retherford papers, MS.000643, Amon Guy Thompson papers, MG04582-MG04586; Austin Smith papers, 1942-1945, MG04350; Beauty Behind Barbed Wire: The Arts of the Japanese in Our War Relocation Camps, MG01299; Community Analysis Reports and Community Analysis Trend Reports of the War Relocation Authority, 1942-1946, MG03846-MG03847; Japanese Camp papers, MG03848-MG03869
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