Creator

Date Original

1940s

Description

Color photograph of pages from Hazel Retherford's student artwork scrapbook.

Biographical/Historical Note

After the bombing of Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941, President Franklin D. Roosevelt signed Executive Order 9022, creating the War Relocation Authority (WRA). The WRA selected ten sites in which to imprison more than 110,000 persons of Japanese ancestry, over two-thirds of whom were American citizens. Two of these centers were in the Arkansas Delta, one at Rohwer in Desha County, and the other at Jerome in sections of Chicot and Drew counties. Over 16,000 Japanese Americans were incarcerated in these two centers between October 1942 and November 1945. Hazel Linam Retherford was born on January 27, 1906. During World War II, she was a teacher at both the Jerome and Rohwer Japanese relocation centers in Arkansas, eventually helping to close both centers. She later went to Washington, District of Columbia, to complete War Relocation Authority records on the camps.

Physical Description

Photographs, 11.75" x 9.25"

Subjects

Art objects; Education; Scrapbooks; Japanese Americans--Evacuation and relocation, 1942-1945; Internment camps; World War II (1939-1945)

Contributor

Retherford, Hazel; Shirashi, Utako; Kinowaki, Yoshiko; Koji, Betsy; Nuriokauri, Jack; Rose, Koji ; Yuri, Oyedet; Irako, Shirley; Uyeda, Sande Rosa; Nunokawa, Jack; Hiko, Rhoda; Kuko; Niiya, Rhoda; Haeroki; Oda, Franklin; Nunokawa, Jack

Geographical Area

McGehee, Desha County (Ark.)

Language

English

Identifier

MS.000643, Box 1, Folder 10, Item 1

Resource Type

Image

Collection

Hazel Retherford papers, MS.000643

Publisher

Arkansas State Archives

Contributing Entity

Arkansas State Archives

Recommended Citation

Hazel Retherford's student artwork scrapbook, Hazel Retherford papers, Arkansas State Archives, Little Rock, Arkansas.

Rights

Use and reproduction of images held by the Arkansas State Archives without prior written permission is prohibited. For information on reproducing images held by the Arkansas State Archives, please call 501-682-6900 or email at state.archives@arkansas.gov.

Disciplines

United States History

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Additional Content

Amon Guy Thompson papers, MG04582-MG04586; Austin Smith papers, 1942-1945, MG04350; Beauty Behind Barbed Wire: The Arts of the Japanese in Our War Relocation Camps, MG01299; Community Analysis Reports and Community Analysis Trend Reports of the War Relocation Authority, 1942-1946, MG03846-MG03847; Japanese Camp papers, MG03848-MG03869

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Hazel Retherford's student artwork scrapbook

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