Date Original

1944 June 25


Postcard from Ikuko Motsumoto in Arizona to Hazel Retherford in Jerome, Arkansas.

Biographical/Historical Note

After the bombing of Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941, President Franklin D. Roosevelt signed Executive Order 9022, creating the War Relocation Authority (WRA). The WRA selected ten sites in which to imprison more than 110,000 persons of Japanese ancestry, over two-thirds of whom were American citizens. Two of these centers were in the Arkansas Delta, one at Rohwer in Desha County, and the other at Jerome in sections of Chicot and Drew counties. Over 16,000 Japanese Americans were incarcerated in these two centers between October 1942 and November 1945. Hazel Linam Retherford was born on January 27, 1906. During World War II, she was a teacher at both the Jerome and Rohwer Japanese relocation centers in Arkansas, eventually helping to close both centers. She later went to Washington, District of Columbia, to complete War Relocation Authority records on the camps.


Ikuko Motsumoto
On the Train
in Texas
This Side of the card is for Address
Mrs. Hazel Retherford
Denson, Arkansas
June 25, 1944
Dear Mrs Retherford,
Just dropping in
to say "hello."
We are now in the
state of Texas. We went
through Texarkana. In
McGehee we stopped
there 2"20" We went
through nearly all of
Arkansas in the night
We are now
stopped at a station
so I could write but
when we're going I can't
write go [sic]
My address in ____:
Rivers Arizona
Write Soon Your student,
Ikuko M.

Physical Description

Postcard, 3" x 5"


Evacuation of civilians; Military assistance; Military camps; Camps; War; Japanese; Japanese Americans--Evacuation and relocation, 1942-1945; World War, 1939-1945--Concentration Camps--United States--Arkansas; Internment camps; Relocation camps; Jerome Relocation Center (Ark.)


Motsumoto, Ikuko

Geographical Area

Arizona; Jerome, Drew County (Ark.)




MS.000643, Box 1, Folder 1, Item 7

Resource Type



Hazel Retherford papers, MS.000643


Arkansas State Archives

Contributing Entity

Arkansas State Archives

Recommended Citation

Postcard, Ikuko Motsumoto to Hazel Retherford, Hazel Retherford papers, Arkansas State Archives, Little Rock, Arkansas.


Use and reproduction of images held by the Arkansas State Archives without prior written permission is prohibited. For information on reproducing images held by the Arkansas State Archives, please call 501-682-6900 or email at


United States History


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Additional Content

Amon Guy Thompson papers, MG04582-MG04586; Austin Smith papers, 1942-1945, MG04350; Beauty Behind Barbed Wire: The Arts of the Japanese in Our War Relocation Camps, MG01299; Community Analysis Reports and Community Analysis Trend Reports of the War Relocation Authority, 1942-1946, MG03846-MG03847; Japanese Camp papers, MG03848-MG03869



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Postcard, Ikuko Motsumoto to Hazel Retherford