Date Original

1945 January 06


Typed memorandum from Helen Frasier, adult education supervisor of the War Relocation Authority, to all Rohwer Relocation Center teachers, including Hazel Retherford. The memorandum talks about registration for English classes.

Biographical/Historical Note

After the bombing of Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941, President Franklin D. Roosevelt signed Executive Order 9022, creating the War Relocation Authority (WRA). The WRA selected ten sites in which to imprison more than 110,000 persons of Japanese ancestry, over two-thirds of whom were American citizens. Two of these centers were in the Arkansas Delta, one at Rohwer in Desha County, and the other at Jerome in sections of Chicot and Drew counties. Over 16,000 Japanese Americans were incarcerated in these two centers between October 1942 and November 1945. Hazel Linam Retherford was born on January 27, 1906. During World War II, she was a teacher at both the Jerome and Rohwer Japanese relocation centers in Arkansas, eventually helping to close both centers. She later went to Washington, District of Columbia, to complete War Relocation Authority records on the camps.


January 5, 1945
To: All Teachers
Subject: Registration for English Classes
We shall hold registration for classes in Beginning English
next Wednesday and Thursday int he west wing of the auditorium.
If you can show your pupils the important of the opportu-
nity to learn English, they can persuade their parents to enroll.
It is very likely that adults who leave this center without
knowing English will not have another opportunity to study it in
Helen Frasier, Supervisor
Adult Education

Physical Description

Memorandum, 8.5" x 11"


Evacuation of civilians; Military assistance; Military camps; Camps; War; Japanese; Japanese Americans--Evacuation and relocation, 1942-1945; World War, 1939-1945--Concentration Camps--United States--Arkansas; Internment camps; Relocation camps; Education; Rohwer Relocation Center (Ark.)


Frasier, Helen

Geographical Area

McGehee, Desha County (Ark.)




MS.000643, Box 1, Folder 1, Item 27

Resource Type



Hazel Retherford papers, MS.000643


Arkansas State Archives

Contributing Entity

Arkansas State Archives

Recommended Citation

Memorandum, Helen Frasier to Rohwer Relocation Center teachers, Hazel Retherford papers, Arkansas State Archives, Little Rock, Arkansas.


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United States History


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Additional Content

Hazel Retherford papers, MS.000643; Amon Guy Thompson papers, MG04582-MG04586; Austin Smith papers, 1942-1945, MG04350; Beauty Behind Barbed Wire: The Arts of the Japanese in Our War Relocation Camps, MG01299; Community Analysis Reports and Community Analysis Trend Reports of the War Relocation Authority, 1942-1946, MG03846-MG03847; Japanese Camp papers, MG03848-MG03869



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Memorandum, Helen Frasier to Rohwer Relocation Center teachers