1944 June 20
Correspondence from the War Location Authority to Hazel Retherford and other personnel transferring to Rohwer, informing them that they will have to file formally in writing a request to move personal property during their transfer to Rohwer Relocation Center.
After the bombing of Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941, President Franklin D. Roosevelt signed Executive Order 9022, creating the War Relocation Authority (WRA). The WRA selected ten sites in which to imprison more than 110,000 persons of Japanese ancestry, over two-thirds of whom were American citizens. Two of these centers were in the Arkansas Delta, one at Rohwer in Desha County, and the other at Jerome in sections of Chicot and Drew counties. Over 16,000 Japanese Americans were incarcerated in these two centers between October 1942 and November 1945. Hazel Linam Retherford was born on January 27, 1906. During World War II, she was a teacher at both the Jerome and Rohwer Japanese relocation centers in Arkansas, eventually helping to close both centers. She later went to Washington, District of Columbia, to complete War Relocation Authority records on the camps.
Dear Mrs. Retherford,
The Washington office has asked us to confirm your willing-
ness to Jerome Relocation Center
June 20, 1944
To: Vance Martin Mrs. Verna Lee Ridge
Marie Cash Mrs. Bettye Lou Wheat
A.L. Reed Mrs. Lena Mae Martin
Virgie Morris Mrs. Lucretia Overby
Ellen Morrow Mrs. Hazel Retherford
Mary Moore Mrs. Lexie Swofford
Jewel Palmer Leathel Paxton
SUBJECT: Personnel Transfers to Rohwer
A memorandum has been received from Mrs. E. B. Whitaker
"Please adrive personnel transferring to Rohwer to
file a request in writing for the movement of whatever per-
sonal property they wish WRA to move. This should be filed
with Miss Hogan in my office. After we have assembled all
these requests then we will arrange for transfer by either
Rohwer or Jerome.
"It is also suggested that these people find out what
their address will be in Rohwer, and mark each package which
WRA is to move plainly with their names and Rohwer addresses.
This is important."
Superintendent of Education
cc: Mr. Melton
Mrs. Ray Johnston
U.S. DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR
WAR RELOCATION AUTHORITY
PENALTY FOR PRIVATE USE TO AVOID
PAYMENT OF POSTAGE, $300
Hazel L. Retherford
Letter, 8.5" x 11"
Evacuation of civilians; Military assistance; Military camps; Camps; War; Japanese; Japanese Americans; World War, 1939-1945; Internment camps; Relocation camps
War Relocation Authority
McGehee, Desha County (Ark.); Jerome, Drew County (Ark.)
MS.000643, Box 1, Folder 1, Item 19
Hazel Retherford papers, MS.000643
Arkansas State Archives
Arkansas State Archives
Memorandum, War Relocation Authority to Hazel Retherford and other Rohwer personnel, Hazel Retherford papers, Arkansas State Archives, Little Rock, Arkansas.
United States History
Amon Guy Thompson papers, MG04582-MG04586; Austin Smith papers, 1942-1945, MG04350; Beauty Behind Barbed Wire: The Arts of the Japanese in Our War Relocation Camps, MG01299; Community Analysis Reports and Community Analysis Trend Reports of the War Relocation Authority, 1942-1946, MG03846-MG03847; Japanese Camp papers, MG03848-MG03869
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