Date Original

circa 1961-1972


Document discussing the need for the care of historic monuments in Rohwer, Arkansas.

Biographical/Historical Note

After the bombing of Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941, President Franklin D. Roosevelt signed Executive Order 9022, creating the War Relocation Authority (WRA). The WRA selected ten sites in which to imprison more than 110,000 persons of Japanese ancestry, over two-thirds of whom were American citizens. Two of these centers were in the Arkansas Delta, one at Rohwer in Desha County, and the other at Jerome in sections of Chicot and Drew counties. Over 16,000 Japanese Americans were incarcerated in these two centers between October 1942 and November 1945. Two monuments were erected in 1982 in Rohwer. One monument is a tribute to the 442nd Regiment, mostly Nisei military members, the 100th Battalion, largely members of the Hawaii Army National Guard, and thirty-one men who died fighting in Italy and France. Rohwer Cemetery is designated as the other monument. This cemetery has been listed on the National Register of Historic places since 1974. The 100th Battalion/442nd Infantry Regiment has been recognized for being the most-decorated unit of their size in American miltary history for service during World War II.

Physical Description

Document, 8" x 10.5"


Japanese; Japanese Americans--Evacuation and relocation, 1942-1945; Military camps; Military service; Monuments; World War, 1939-1945--Concentration Camps--United States--Arkansas; Military personnel; 442nd Regiment; 100th Battalion

Geographical Area

Rohwer, Desha County (Ark.)




MS.000119, Box 1, Folder 70, Item 1

Resource Type



Joseph Boone Hunter collection, MS.000119


Arkansas State Archives

Contributing Entity

Arkansas State Archives

Recommended Citation

Historic monuments, Joseph Boone Hunter collection, Arkansas State Archives, Little Rock, Arkansas.


Use and reproduction of images held by the Arkansas State Archives without prior written permission is prohibited. For information on reproducing images held by the Arkansas State Archives, please call 501-682-6900 or email at


United States History


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Additional Content

Hazel Retherford papers, MS.000643; Amon Guy Thompson papers, MG04582-MG04586; Austin Smith papers, 1942-1945, MG04350; Beauty Behind Barbed Wire: The Arts of the Japanese in Our War Relocation Camps, MG01299; Community Analysis Reports and Community Analysis Trend Reports of the War Relocation Authority, 1942-1946, MG03846-MG03847; Japanese Camp papers, MG03848-MG03869



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Historic monuments