Date Original



This is a $100 bond posted by Thomas Drew and Casper Schmick in order to operate a ferry across the Black River near Lewis deMun's mill in Lawrence County.

Biographical/Historical Note

During the territorial period, there was little room in the county budget to build infrastructure. To address this problem, counties granted licenses to individuals to build ferries and bridges which could be privately financed and operated with toll fees. This benefited both the county at large and enterprising individuals who were willing to become ferry operators or bridge builders. Thomas S. Drew and Casper Schmick were two such people. They were granted a ferry license in 1830 at a desirable spot on the Black River. After posting the bond required, Drew and Schmick built and operated a toll ferry.


Know all men by these present that
we Thomas S Drew, Casper Schmick and
William Bard are held and firmly bound
unto the County Treasurer of the County of
Lawrence and his successor in office for the
time being in the sum of one hundred doll
which payment well and truly to be
made we bind ourselves, our heirs executors
administrator and assigns firmly by these
present, firmly by these present as witness
our hands and seals this 27th day of July
AD 1830
The condition of the above obligation is
such that whereas the County Court for
the County of Lawrence did on the 6th
day of July AD1830 grant unto the
above bound Thomas S Drew and Casper Schmick
a license to keep a ferry over and across
Black River opposite and near Demun's Mill
Now therefore if the said Thomas S Drew and
Casper Schmick shall well and truly do
and perform all the duties of ferrymen
requiring by the law of this Territory then
this obligation to be void and of none effect
otherwise to remain in full force and virtue in

Physical Description

Document, 7.5" x 10"


Documents; Manuscripts; Ferries; Municipal government; Rivers; Commerce; Tolls; Transportation


Lawrence County Circuit Court

Geographical Area

Lawrence County (Ark.)




MSNE.0018, Box 1, Folder 40

Resource Type



Lawrence County (Ark.) bonds, MSNE.0018


Arkansas State Archives

Contributing Entity

Northeast Arkansas Regional Archives

Recommended Citation

Ferry bond, Thomas Drew and Casper Schmick, Northeast Arkansas Regional Archives, Powhatan, Arkansas.


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Ferry bond, Thomas Drew and Casper Schmick