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Date Original

1822 May 04


This is a Recognizance in the case against William Hix and Charlotte Piburn stating they owed the United States one hundred dollars, to be levied from their property unless they appeared in court at Davidsonville to answer to the indictment of fornication and to remain there until given leave.

Biographical/Historical Note

The act of living in "fornication" or acting as man and wife when a couple was not legally married was considered a criminal offense at one point in Arkansas's history. In this case, William Hix and Charlotte Piburn were accused of this crime and were to be fined one hundred dollars if they did not show up in court to appear before a judge.


Territory of Arkansas
County of Lawrence
--- united states of America Beit[be it] remem=
=Bered[remembered] that on the fourth day of may in the
year of our Lord Eighteen hundred and twenty
two william Hix and Sharlotty [Charlotte] Piburn [Pyburn] and William =
= Russel personly came before me Edward Milonate
a justice of the peace within and for said
County and acknowledg[sic] them selves[sic] to owe
the United states of America the sum of one hundred Dollars to be levied of their goods and
chattles Lands and tenements on the following
Conditions to it that is if the said William
Hix and sharlottey piburn shall be and
appear at the circut[sic] court on the first
day of the next term thereof to be holden
for the County aforsaid on the second monday
of may next at Davidsonvill and then
and there answer an indement[indictment] for
fornication and not depart the court
with out leave theare[sic] of then this
Recognesance to void other wise remain in
full fourse[sic] and effect taken and
acknowledge before me the day and
year above written
Edward Mcdonald
a justice of the peace

Physical Description

Document, 11" x 8"


Marriage; Marriage licenses; Families; Frontier and pioneer life; Moral and ethical aspects; Law; Legislation; Sex


Edward Mcdonald

Geographical Area

Lawrence County (Ark.)




MSNE.0070, Box 15, Folder 1503

Resource Type



Lawrence County (Ark.) Circuit Court records, MSNE.0070


Arkansas State Archives

Contributing Entity

Northeast Arkansas Regional Archives

Recommended Citation

Court case, United States v. William Hix and Charlotte Piburn (Pyburn), Northeast Arkansas Regional Archives, Powhatan, Arkansas.


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United States History


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Court case, United States v. William Hix and Charlotte Piburn (Pyburn)